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Gallbladder Polyps

Gallbladder Polyps

What are gallbladder polyps?

The digestive and respiratory system has a tubular structure. There is a single- or multi-layered cells that lay them inside (like the carpet we lay on the floor). In this layer, stalks or sessile bumps are formed. The polyps those are formed are mostly benign (95%) and usually detected incidentally.

What are benign polyps in the gallbladder?

Most polyps that develop on the wall of the gallbladder are benign. There are pseudopolyps those looks like real polyps on ultrasound (cholesterol polyps due to cholesterol accumulation and inflammation polyps that develop as a result of inflammatory attacks, etc.). In addition, structures such as fibroma, lipoma, hemangioma may also appear in polyp structure. The important thing is to be able to distinguish between benign polyps and polyps that are prone to cancer or cancer.

What is the approach in gallbladder polyps?

The age of the patient, the size and number of polyps or polyps are important in the treatment to be recommended. Size evaluation is made on the largest polyp. For polyps with a diameter of 1 cm or more, it is almost always recommended to remove the gallbladder due to the risk of cancer (cholecystectomy). Between 7-9 mm is considered a gray zone and follow-up or surgery can be chosen. Follow-up is generally recommended for polyps with a diameter of less than 7 mm. A single and large polyp detected in the gallbladder is alarming.

Why does a polyp develop in the gallbladder, what can be done to prevent it?

Although no clear cause has been identified, it is thought to be related to fat metabolism. For this reason, it is thought that a healthy diet with low fat content will have a preventive effect.

What is the treatment for gallbladder polyps?

For polyps with suspected cancer or cancerous risk, cholecystectomy is performed with open or closed methods. The final diagnosis is made by pathological examination. If cancer is detected in the polyp, it is decided whether further treatment is required according to its stage.

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Prof. Dr. Sedat KarademirProf. Dr. Sedat KarademirGeneral Surgery Specialist
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